Taq-e Bostan (meaning “Arch of the Garden” or “Arch made by stone” in Persian) is a site with a series of large rock reliefs near the city of Kermanshah. It is located in the heart of the Zagros mountains, where it has endured almost 1,700 years of wind and rain.
Sassanid kings chose a beautiful setting for their rock reliefs along an historic Silk Road caravan route waypoint and campground. The reliefs are adjacent to sacred springs that empty into a large reflecting pool at the base of a mountain cliff.
The Taq-e Bostan complex comprise a rock relief standing on its own and several more reliefs associated with two rock cut arches. They illustrate the investiture ceremonies of the kings Ardashir II, Shapur II, Shapur III and Khosrau II. They also depict the hunting scenes of Khosrau II.
Like other Sassanid symbols, Taq-e Bostan, and its relief patterns reflect the power, religious tendencies, glory, honor, the vastness of the court, game and fighting spirit, festivity, joy, and rejoicing.
The site has been turned into an archaeological park and a series of late Sassanian and Islamic column capitals have been brought together (some found at Taq Bostan, others at Bistoun and Kermanshah). We will visit the site on Persia World Heritage Sites Tour.