The Mausoleum of Avicenna is a complex in which the famous Iranian polymath is buried at. It is located at Hamadan city of Iran.
Ibn-e Sina also known as Abu Ali Sina, Pur Sina and often known in the west as Avicenna was a Persian Muslim polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age, and the father of modern medicine. Avicenna is also called “the most influential philosopher of the pre-modern era”. It is believed that he has written about 450 works, around 240 of his works have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine.
His most famous works are “The Book of Healing”, a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine, a medical encyclopedia which became a standard medical text at many medieval universities and remained in use as late as 1650. In 1973, “Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine” was reprinted in New York.
Besides philosophy and medicine, Avicenna’s corpus includes writings on astronomy, alchemy, geography and geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics and works of poetry.
Most of Avicenna’s books are in Arabic. Because Arabic was the language of scientific work in that era. Later, some of these works were translated into other languages, including Persian. His fame is mainly due to the precision and innovation that he has used in his works.
Some works of Avicenna are also written in Persian. More than 20 Persian works are attributed to him, among them are Ala’i encyclopedia and the treatise of the pulse. The interesting thing about Avicenna is that he was also a skilled poet. Many poets have been attributed to him in verse and prose both in Persian and Arabic.
The structure of the Avicenna’s tomb is a combination of both ancient and post-Islamic era of Iranian architecture. Many elements of ancient Iranian architecture has been used in this design. Elements like tower, inspired by Gonbad-e Qabus tower, small gardens affected by Iranian gardens, the waterfront encouraged by traditional basins and a facing decorated by hard and rough granite stones of Alvand Mountains, representing the ancient Iranian palaces.
Nowadays the southern hall of the tomb is a museum to keep the coins, ceramics, bronzes, and other discovered items from the B.C. millenniums and the Islamic era. The northern hall is composed of a library including 8000 volumes of exquisite handwritten and printed Iranian and foreign books and some booths related to masterpieces of Avicenna and other Hamedan’s poets and writers. The complement of this tomb is a half-circle park with green space and also there is the statue of Avicenna, holding a book on his hand, which is located on the east side of the square.
Avecenna’s tomb was designed by Hooshang Seyhoun, it was built in 1952, replacing an older building dedicated to Avicenna which was destroyed in 1950. The mausoleum was eventually dedicated in a grand ceremony in May 1954, and the avenue running in front of it was also renamed in honor of Avicenna.